Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle Family
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Caprifoliaceae are perennial and mostly woody plants that include vines, shrubs, and small trees. The family contains about a dozen genera and perhaps 400 species, of wide distribution, chiefly in the North temperate zone, or of mountainous areas in the tropics.
The flowers have a 4- or 5-lobed calyx, which is usually small, and a 4- or 5-lobed corolla which often forms a substantial tube. The lobes may be equal, or formed into two lips with 4 lobes for the upper lip, and 1 large lobe for the lower lip. The 4 or 5 stamens attach to the tube, alternating with the lobes, with the fruiting portion of the pistil below where the calyx and corolla lobes originate. The fruit, usually a fleshy berry, has 2 to 5 seed-forming divisions. The leaves are opposite and broad and being either entire or having several lobes or leaflets. The leaves sometimes join together to form a disc around the stem (as in the honeysuckles).

 
 
Guide to Identify Presented Species of the Honeysuckle Family
SMALL HERBS
Linnaea borealis - Twin Flower
Evergreen plant, 3-10 cm tall. Shaded and mossy sites, foothills-subalpine.
Flowers pink to nearly white, 6-15 mm long, nodding, in pairs on slender stalks.
Leaves opposite, evergreen, broadly egg-shaped, 1-2 cm long.
WOODY SHRUBS WITH PINNATELY DIVIDED LEAVES
Sambucus cerulea - Blue Elderberry
Shrub 1-4 m tall, strong-smelling. Not too dry sites, foothills-montane.
Flowers white, 3-6 mm wide, numerous in dense, flat-topped clusters, smelly.
Leaves opposite, pinnate with 7-9 leaflets, lance-shaped, sharp-toothed.
WOODY SHRUBS WITH WHOLE LEAVES
Lonicera utahensis - Utah Honeysuckle
Shrub 1-2 m tall. Moist, wooded or open slopes in the mountains.
Flowers nodding, light yellow, funnel-shaped, 1-2 cm long, in pairs. Berries red.
Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to oval
, 2-8 cm long, broadly rounded.
Symphoricarpos occidentalis - Western Snowberry
Shrub 50-100 cm tall. Well-drained, open or wooded sites, plains to montane.
Flowers whitish, broadly funnel-shaped, 7-10 mm wide, the lobes spreading.
Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to oval
, 3-8 cm long, slightly wavy-edged.
Alphabetical listing with links to presented species of the Honeysuckle family:
     
Scientific Name English Name Swedish Name
 

 

 
Linnaea
Lonicera
Sambucus
Symphoricarpos
Twin Flower
Honeysuckle
Elderberry
Snowberry
Linneor
Tryar
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Flädrar
Snöbär
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